1. Under existing laws, States do not have broad authority to control how hazardous materials are stored, used, transported, and disposed of within their borders.
2. Which Federal ...
... agency provides training, resource information and technical assistance to States to help them prepare for hazardous materials emergencies?
A. The Environmental Protection Agency SARA Grants
B. The Federal Emergency Management Agency
C. The Department of Labor
D. The Department of Transportation HMEP Grants
3. A primary purpose of conducting a hazardous materials exercise is to find out:
A. What Federal and State resources could be made available for such an incident
B. Whether planned procedures work
C. What type of incident is most likely to occur
D. Which responders should receive raises
4. The tendency of chemicals to become more concentrated as they move up the food chain is known as:
C. Chemical breakdown
5. The Federal agency primarily responsible for protecting our environment from contamination by hazardous materials releases is:
A. The Environmental Protection Agency
B. The Federal Emergency Management Agency
C. The Department of Labor
D. The Department of Transportation
6. Under what circumstances are judges likely to take immediate action to halt pollution before a violation of the law has been proven in court?
A. In extreme cases when the potential damage is clear and irreparable
B. Whenever environmental lobby groups are in agreement that the problem exists
C. When the polluting industry is large and can afford it
D. Whenever there is cause to believe the environment might be harmed
7. The Federal law designed to regulate hazardous waste 'from cradle to grave' is:
B. Toxic Substances Control Act
C. Safe Drinking Water Act
D. Resource Conservation and Recovery Act of 1976
8. When treating a household incident involving exposure to a poison, your most reliable source of advice and expertise is:
A. The product's label
B. The police
C. The Poison Control Center
D. The local health department
9. In the NFPA 704 labeling system, a rating of 4 in any quadrant corresponds to:
A. The highest degree of hazard
B. A moderately low hazard
C. A moderately high hazard
D. The lowest degree of hazard
10. If you encounter a suspicious substance, you should:
A. Notify the appropriate authority
B. Immediately dispose of it yourself
11. The five phases of a hazardous material's life does not include production, transportation, storage, elimination, and disposal.
12. An industry's smokestack is an example of what type of source?
13. A toxic accident occurs in your neighborhood. Several adults, teenagers, and small children are present. Which group, if any, would likely be most severely affected?
A. The adults would be most severely affected
B. The small children would be most severely affected
C. The teenagers would be most severely affected
D. All would be affected to the same degree
14. The analysis of a situation to determine the level of risk inherent in that situation is called:
A. Health effects assessment
B. Risk management
C. Risk search
D. Risk assessment
15. A person works every day with a toxic substance, but does not take protective measures. The individual will experience what type of exposure?
16. If you are caught outdoors in the vicinity of a hazardous materials incident, you should try to move away from the release:
A. Downstream, downhill, and downwind
B. Close to the incident responders
C. Upstream, uphill, and upwind
17. Under EPCRA, Local Emergency Planning Committees (LEPCs) are charged with the responsibility to:
A. Write local ordinances to promote emergency preparedness
B. Regulate hazardous materials within State borders
C. Inspect local factories to ensure compliance with Federal legislation
D. Develop an emergency plan to respond to hazardous materials incidents
18. What is the recommended minimum number of personnel needed to manage a hazardous materials incident safely?
19. Formal mutual aid agreements with surrounding jurisdictions are seldom if ever needed, since everyone is ready to pitch in when an incident occurs.
20. What is the primary purpose of a Hazardous Materials Response Team?
A. To assist in the disposal of household hazardous waste
B. To inspect buildings where hazardous chemicals are used or manufactured
C. To provide the skills, knowledge, and technical equipment needed to offensively handle hazardous materials incidents
D. To develop a community plan for responding to hazardous materials incidents
21. Once approved, an Emergency Operations Plan should never be revised, since this would create potential confusion in responding agencies.
22. The local role in reducing public risks from hazardous materials includes:
A. Developing an emergency plan for hazardous materials incidents
B. Regulating hazardous materials transportation through local ordinances
C. Regulating safe disposal of hazardous waste
D. All of these
23. You have just learned that a chemical you work with is a mutagen. What effect does this chemical have?
A. Irritates the lining of the throat
B. Increases the risk of physical defects in a developing embryo
C. Causes a permanent change in the genetic material (DNA)
D. Increases the risk of cancer
24. Sensory clues to the possible presence of hazardous materials in water include:
A. Dead fish
B. Unusual algae growth
C. White froth
D. All of these
25. It is difficult and sometimes impossible to purify contaminated groundwater.
26. Decontamination is needed in order to:
A. Estimate the amount of contaminant to which a person has been exposed
B. Treat injuries resulting from chemical emergencies
C. Identify chemicals involved in an accident
D. Remove contaminants from people and equipment
27. The Federal agency responsible for regulating interstate shipments of hazardous materials is:
A. Occupational Safety and Health Administration
B. Department of Transportation
C. Environmental Protection Agency
D. Federal Emergency Management Agency
28. One benefit of a sound community plan to deal with a hazardous materials emergency is:
A. The likelihood of an incident occurring is almost eliminated
B. Roles and responsibilities are defined
C. The need for assistance from other jurisdictions is eliminated
D. Fewer resources are required to handle the incident
29. A person whose skin is coated with a toxic substance gives his/her contaminated clothing to another individual. This likely will result in what is called:
A. Reckless endangerment
30. A chemical that, in relatively small amounts, produces injury when it comes in contact with skin tissue is known as:
A. A corrosive
B. An explosive
C. A flammable liquid
D. A radioactive material
31. Which of the following correctly identifies the four 'routes of entry' for toxic substances into the body:
A. Injection, ingestion, integration, absorption
B. Absorption, injection, ingestion, inhalation
C. Absorption, injection, insertion, inhalation
D. Irritation, injection, absorption, asphyxiation
32. Besides the LEPC, what local agencies may maintain specific information on industries in your community that use, store, or generate EHS-listed hazardous materials?
A. The local emergency services department
B. The local public works department
C. The local fire department
D. The local police
33. The key components of a complete local plan include a basic plan, supporting annexes, and implementing procedures. The supporting annexes typically include:
A. 'How to' instructions for operating departments or individuals
B. Lists of people to alert under certain conditions
C. Information on how specific functions (such as evacuation) will be carried out for particular hazards
D. Conceptual framework for emergency operations
34. The success of good site operations and the ability of employees to respond during emergencies is:
A. Annual inspections of the site
B. Well rehearsed response team
C. Good site planning
D. Initial and annual refresher training
35. The basic approaches to cleaning contaminated soil include:
A. Air stripping/aeration, activated carbon, and chemical precipitation
B. Containment, off-site containment, on- or off-site treatment, or disposal
36. Permissible exposure limits are levels of exposures mandated by:
37. The EPCRA grants citizens the right to obtain information on hazardous materials in their community.
38. Results of Commodity Flow Surveys can be obtained from:
39. Health affects resulting from contact with a hazardous substance over a long period of time is called:
A. Systemic exposure
B. Doxological exposure
C. Serological exposure
D. Chronic exposure
40. The primary hazard associated with most flammable liquids is:
A. Fire or explosion
B. Toxic vapors
C. Faulty containers
41. Standard approaches to waste disposal are generally regulated and managed by the:
42. The code OXY in the bottom white quadrant of a label conforming to NFPA 704 indicates that:
A. The material is radioactive
B. The material reacts with water
C. The material will explode on contact with air
D. The material can easily release oxygen to create or worsen a fire or explosion hazard
43. The body has very efficient internal defenses which can remove any quantity of an unwanted substance.
44. In-place sheltering is never an appropriate option in an accident involving hazardous materials.
45. The chemical agent or hazardous material that interferes with the body's ability to transfer oxygen to the cells is:
B. Tear gas
C. Hydrogen cyanide
D. Nerve agent
46. Existing landfills are generally considered sufficient to serve as the sole means of disposing of the Nation's waste for the foreseeable future.
47. The presence of hazardous materials can always be detected by the sense of smell.
48. Which Federal law is intended to assure, so far as possible, safe working conditions?
A. The Safe Drinking Water Act
B. The Clean Air Act
C. The Toxic Substances Control Act
D. The Occupational Safety and Health Act
49. By reading the placard on a tanker bearing hazardous materials, you can find out:
A. The name of the carrier
B. The amount of the substance being carried
C. The date the substance was shipped
D. The hazard class of the substance being carried
50. A Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) includes information on:
A. The cost of a specific chemical
B. Laws governing the use of a specific chemical
C. The amount of a specific chemical that can be legally released
D. Health effects and physical properties of a specific chemical
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