Question and answer
Psychological egoism claims that whatever we do, we do out of self-interest. Give an example of an act you think is not done out of self-interest, and explain how the psychological egoist might try
to interpret that act as selfish.
The definition of egoism that we will use here is, egoism is fulfilling your immediate self-interest by responding to your desire to act. [ In other words, even if you carry a beggar to his hometown on your back knowing there is nothing in it for you, the only thing there is in it for you is that you fulfilled your wish to do this. You may not have liked it very much but you liked it enough to
do it. The definition has to be correct for most refutations of psychological egoism and most proponents of psychological egoism are based on the false supposition that egoism is saying that we only go after what has the most future pleasure in it for us. If the supposition were true every na ve teenager and egoist would be on drugs. But it is not necessarily true. An act can be self-interested without being about future pleasure. When you see a child, who is a stranger to you, in the middle of a busy road that is in danger of being killed within minutes and you run out to the child to save the child making it very likely that you will be the one that will end up dead you are not thinking of how much pleasure you will get by saving the child. You are not thinking of how bad you will feel if you stand there and let the child die. You desire to save the child and that is where the delight is: in doing the act or in fulfilling the desire. You crave the goodness inherent in the act. You are satisfying a need in yourself. To satisfy a need for alcohol is seen as selfish and to satisfy a need to save the child is seen as unselfish. It makes no sense for its just satisfying a need. A need is just a need. You are not thinking of the need when you save the child but its there and you are responding to it. Let us clarify what egoism is. It is the pleasure we go after in the present, not future, fulfilling of the desire to do such and such an action and nothing else. Psychological egoists are right to say we go after what gives us the most pleasure but only in this sense. ]
Expert answered|dkecter|Points 100|
Question
Asked 11/22/2012 2:31:16 PM
Updated 11/22/2012 5:10:36 PM
1 Answer/Comment
Ask a question
Not a good answer? Get an answer now. (Free)
New answers
Rating

There are no new answers.

Comments
dkecter, please don't copy and paste without citing your source.
Added 11/22/2012 5:10:36 PM
Add an answer or comment
Log in or sign up first.
16,937,918 questions answered
Popular Conversations
Why do you think some teachers are better loved by students than ...
Weegy: I can totally relate to you because i have teachers who are my favorite and i treat her as my mom. [ Every time ...
7/24/2014 1:37:29 AM| 3 Answers
Find the equation of a line with the given points. (Put your answers ...
Weegy: The equation of a line with the points: (8, 1) (7, 9) is y = -8x + 65 User: Find the equation of a line with ...
7/24/2014 12:01:14 AM| 2 Answers
What had its roots in a computer networking system that the U.S. ...
Weegy: d. the Internet User: Clinton's first major initiative on_______________________ was unsucessful and failed ...
7/24/2014 7:16:31 AM| 2 Answers
Weegy Stuff
S
R
L
1
1
P
C
1
P
1
1
L
P
C
P
C
1
P
C
L
P
C
1
P
C
Points 2026 [Total 21026]| Ratings 1| Comments 2016| Invitations 0|Offline
S
L
P
C
P
C
1
L
P
C
L
P
C
P
C
P
C
Points 1917 [Total 17046]| Ratings 0| Comments 1917| Invitations 0|Offline
S
L
P
C
L
P
C
P
C
L
P
C
P
C
Points 1662 [Total 14217]| Ratings 1| Comments 1652| Invitations 0|Offline
S
L
1
Points 1433 [Total 3616]| Ratings 2| Comments 1413| Invitations 0|Offline
S
L
1
1
1
1
L
1
Points 1163 [Total 7340]| Ratings 2| Comments 1143| Invitations 0|Offline
S
1
L
Points 997 [Total 3133]| Ratings 6| Comments 937| Invitations 0|Offline
S
1
L
1
L
P
P
L
Points 895 [Total 10503]| Ratings 0| Comments 895| Invitations 0|Offline
S
1
L
Points 787 [Total 4463]| Ratings 2| Comments 767| Invitations 0|Offline
S
P
C
L
P
L
1
Points 744 [Total 5798]| Ratings 4| Comments 704| Invitations 0|Offline
S
Points 263 [Total 411]| Ratings 2| Comments 243| Invitations 0|Offline
Home | Contact | Archive | Blog | About | Terms | Privacy | Social | ©2014 Purple Inc.