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Which of the below is NOT one of Feliks Gross’s typologies of terrorism? a Random b Political c Tactical d Mass
random Terrorism is a special form of political violence. It is not a philosophy or a political movement. [ Terrorism is a weapon or method which has been used throughout history by both states and sub-state organisations for a whole variety of political causes or purposes. This special form of political violence has five major characteristics: - it is premeditated and aims to create a climate
of extreme fear or terror; - it is directed at a wider audience or target than the immediate victims of the violence; - it inherently involves attacks on random and symbolic targets, including civilians; - the acts of violence committed are seen by the society .in which they occur as extra-normal, in the literal sense that they breach the social norms, thus causing a sense of outrage; - and terrorism is generally used to try to influence political behaviour in some way: for example to force opponents into conceding some or all of the perpetrators demands, to provoke an over-reaction, to serve as a catalyst for a more general conflict or to publicise a political or religious cause, to inspire followers to emulate violent attacks, to give vent to deep hatred and the thirst for revenge, and to help undermine governments and institutions designated as enemies by the terrorists. Terrorism is a very broad concept. 1. The role of typology is to subdivide the field into categories which are more manageable for research and analysis. One basic distinction is between state and factional terror. There is of course a very considerable historical and social science literature on aspects of state terror.2. In view of the sheer scale of crimes against humanity, war crimes, and mass terror that have been and are being committed by regimes, this is a more severe and intract~ble problem for humanity than the containment ]
Expert answered|amandaphil29|Points 20|
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Asked 4/25/2012 9:54:01 PM
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