explain why carboxylic acid are more soluble in water than alcohol
Alcohols, have one polar O-H group which forms hydrogen bonds with water.
Carboxylic acids have two extremely polar ends, one O-H (like the alcohol) BUT also have the C=O bond, [ where the O is very electronegative and can also form hydrogen bonds.
Carboxylic acid functional groups = can form more extensive hydrogen bonds with the water = more soluble.
There are no new answers.