The chalenged thinker stage
We cannot solve a problem we do not own. We cannot deal with a condition we deny. Without knowledge of our ignorance, we cannot seek the knowledge we lack. [ Without knowledge of the skills we need to develop, we will not develop those skills.
As we begin to become aware that "normal" thinkers often think poorly, we move into the second stage of critical thinking development. We begin to notice
that we often:
Make questionable assumptions;
Use false, incomplete, or misleading information;
Make inferences that do not follow from the evidence we have;
Fail to recognize important implications in our thought;
Fail to recognize problems we have;
Form faulty concepts;
Reason within prejudiced points of view; and
Think egocentrically and irrationally.
We move to the "challenged" stage when we become aware of the way our thinking is shaping our lives, including the recognition that problems in our thinking are causing problems in our lives. We are beginning to recognize that poor thinking can be life-threatening, that it can lead literally to death or permanent injury, that it can hurt others as well as ourselves. For example, we might reflect upon the thinking of:
The person who is a perpetual procrastinator;
The irrational manager who can't understand why his employees can't "give it up;"
The person who is angry at the world in general;
The teenager who thinks that smoking is cool;
The woman who thinks that Pap smears are not important;
The motorcyclist who reasons that helmets obstruct vision and, therefore, it is safer to ride without one;
The person who thinks he can drive safely while drunk;
The person who decides to marry a self-centered person with the thought that he or she will "change" after marriage.
We also recognize the difficulty involved in "improving" our thinking. ]
There are no new answers.