How does each of the sociological perspectives approach the subject of aging? Explain Do you agree or disagree with this statement if so explain why
1. It is not so much how each perspective varies because .perspectives are not active bodies but sociological paradigms that provide different sets of tools to help you. the sociologist , develop good research questions:
2. [ each perspective varies in terms of
a) the concepts they supply and
b) the different focus within any topic
3.1 Functionalist Theory
social construction of the
self, family reshaped in modern urban industrial society,
focus: functional aspects of ways that relalionships adapt as functional features of modern society
does rapid social change create 'anomie' (estrangemnt from cultural values)
3.2 Conflict theory:
power, contradictin, aliennation, relations of inequality
the historcial constructions of inequality, how they effect people today and what current processes of change they are undergoing
social construction of the self/selfimage/lookingglass self/role theory/stigma .labelling/signficnatn others /generalised others
small scale and face to face interractions
4. thus the kinds of research question would vary in several ways. for example
4.1 Functionalism research questions:
Are social definitions of ''aging' varying with modernisation?
What is the role of the aged in modern nuclear families?
Are the aged at especial risk of suffering anomie?
4.2 Conflict theory research question
Why are some sections of the aged in our class society more at risk of social marginalosationa and alienation than others?
Which older workers, are more at risk of unemployment and impoverishment and does one;s class position affect h this risk?
Who does the unpaid caring labour of looking after the aged members of the family?
How does one's looking glass self; change as one gets older?
Is ageing a stigma in modern society?
5 You could probably develop may more such questions by thinking about these different concepts and focuses with the topic of ageing ]
There are no new answers.