What types of social conflict exist in American culture today? Are they productive conflicts, producing results for those who need help?
By "productive conflicts, producing results for those who need help" I assume you mean- when people fight about something, it makes things better in the future. [ An example being all of the conflicts that were part of the civil rights movement in the middle of the last century, which improved things for later generations.
Maybe a good example would be post 9/11 security
legislation, such as the Patriot Act, authorization of unwarranted wiretapping, use of torture against suspected terrorists, etc. These things count as conflicts because people argue on both sides of them. You can choose to take the position that:
a. When it's all settled, we'll see that we need these protections and America will be safer. We are the ones who need help and protection from terrorism, and this will grant it.
b. When it's all settled, we'll see that these things deny us our constitutional rights and new legislation will ensure that our liberties are protected from these intrusions in the future. We are the ones that need help and protection from the abuse of those in power, and this will grant it. ]
There are no new answers.