Choose one program and discuss how theory has developed the program.
For example, differential association is the underlying foundation for disallowing probationers to see or interact with other felons.
A jail is a local lock-up for holding people awaiting local court appearances or serving time on local misdemeanor charges or sentences of less than one year.
The simplest explanation is that a jail is allowed to hold prisoners for up to one year. [ [ Any sentence over a year must be served in a prison.
It used to be that jails were only holding facilities and prisons were "reformatories" but
now even jails are considered reformatories in many places.
The most notable difference is that prison inmates have been tried and convicted of crimes, while those in jail may be waiting for a trial. A prison is under the jurisdiction of either federal or state, while the jail holds people accused under federal, state, county and/or city laws. A jail holds inmates from two days to a year only.
Jails are most often run by sheriffs and/or local governments and are designed to hold individuals awaiting dispostion of their case, waiting for transport to the state prison system after they have been convicted, or they are serving time on a misdemeanor sentence.
State Prisons are operated by the state where the person was convicted of a felony.
Federal Prisons are operated by the Federal Bureau of Prisons (BOP) and are designed to hold individuals convicted of federal crimes such as racketeering (RICO), bank robbery, and others.
Jails operate work release programs, boot camps, and other specialized services. They try to address educational needs, substance abuse needs, and vocational needs while managing inmate behavior. Inmate idleness contributes to management problems.
State prison systems operate halfway houses, work release centers and community restitution centers - all considered medium or minimum custody. Inmates assigned to such facilities are usually reaching the end of their sentences.
There are no new answers.