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Q: How would you explain the basic structures and functions of neurons and synapses in the brain to your little brother or sister? Consider using analogies and other examples so that he or she can
easily comprehend the information.
A: The easiest way to describe the basic structures and functions of neurons and synapses in the brain to a younger sibling or a child would be to describe it in a way that they could associate it with their everyday lives. [ Think of the Soma as the train station and the nucleus as the computer that schedules all the trains coming and going, and also tells the trains where to go and for what
purpose. When the train leaves the station, it has to go through a very specific track called an Axon. This Axon , or track, if you will, can be protected by something called a Myelin Sheath (or tunnel if the train has to go underground). We all know that many trains do not go from one place to their destination, but make multiple stops. Once the train leaves the Axon, it is routed to something called a button. This is something like a train stop where people get on and off the train. If the stop is where people need to get off the train to get on another train, they will walk through the train station (synapsis), and get onto another train through a specific terminal (dendrite from another Neuron). Once the person arrives at the train station, the computer (Nucleus) tells them which track to go to catch their next trail. The process continues until we arrive at our destination, and carry out the task the computer told us to do. ]
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Asked 1/21/2013 1:34:21 PM
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