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Q: Give the original language from which this term was derived. You may use a dictionary. chivalry
A: In English, the word is first attested in 1292, as a loan from Old French chevalerie ("knighthood"), an abstract noun formed in the 11th century based on chevalier ("knight" or "horseman"), [ ultimately from Medieval Latin caball?rius ("horseman"); cavalry is from the Italian form of the same word, loaned via Middle French into English around 1540. Between the 11th century and 15th centuries
medieval writers often used the word shivalry, in meanings that changed over time, generally moving from the concrete meaning of "status or fee associated with military follower owning a war horse" towards the moral ideal of the Christian warrior ethos propagated in the Romance genre which became popular by the 12th century, and the ideal of courtly love propagated in the contemporary Minnesang and related genres. By the 15th century, the term had become mostly detached from its military origins, not least because the rise of infantry in the 14th century had essentially confined knightly horsemanship to the tournament grounds, and essentially expressed a literary ideal of moral and courteous behavior. ]
icebelmonte|Points 140|
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Asked 3/6/2013 6:31:51 AM
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