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2. What are the various aspects of project appraisal? Describe the process and different types of project appraisals.
The various aspects of Project Appraisal are: 1. Basic Eligibility for Financial Assistance 2. Market Appraisal 3. Technical Appraisal 4. Financial Appraisal 5. Economic Appraisal 6. Entrepreneur/Promoter Appraisal 7. [ Management/Organization Appraisal ]
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User: 2. What are the various aspects of project appraisal? Describe the process and different types of project appraisals.





Weegy: The various aspects of Project Appraisal are: 1. Basic Eligibility for Financial Assistance 2. Market Appraisal 3. Technical Appraisal 4. Financial Appraisal 5. Economic Appraisal 6. Entrepreneur/Promoter Appraisal 7. [ Management/Organization Appraisal ]
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User: describr the process and different types of project appraisals

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Asked 5/5/2011 12:11:23 AM
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3. What is loan syndication? Who are the various participants? Describe briefly various aspects of accessing debt and capital markets?
Weegy: Loan syndication is mainly used in extremely large loan situations, syndication allows any one lender to provide a large loan while maintaining a more prudent and manageable credit exposure because the lender isn't the only creditor. [ There are three primary-investor constituencies: banks, finance companies, and institutional investors; in Europe, only the banks and institutional investors are active. Corporate borrowers and their advisors continue to face uncertainty as to when they will be able to access the debt capital markets easily again. When the cycle does turn, the US capital markets will likely be among the first to open up given the historically great liquidity of the US markets, the depth and sophistication of the US investor base and, although often taken for granted, the widespread confidence in the integrity of the US securities markets. ] (More)
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Asked 5/5/2011 12:59:24 AM
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4. What are the various types of leases? What is the difference in hire purchase and consumer credit
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Updated 5/5/2011 1:51:23 AM
1 Answer/Comment
TYPES OF LEASE AGREEMENTS
Lease agreements are basically of two types. They are (a) Financial lease and
(b)Operating lease.
(c) Sale and lease back
(d) Leveraged leasing and
(e) Direct leasing.
15.5.1 FINANCIAL LEASE
Long-term, non-cancellable lease contracts are known as financial leases. The essential point of financial lease agreement is that it contains a condition whereby the
lessor agrees to transfer the title for the asset at the end of the lease period at a
nominal cost. At lease it must give an option to the lessee to purchase the asset he has
used at the expiry of the lease. Under this lease the lessor recovers 90% of the fair
value of the asset as lease rentals and the lease period is 75% of the economic life of
the asset. The lease agreement is irrevocable. Practically all the risks incidental to the
asset ownership and all the benefits arising there from are transferred to the lessee
who bears the cost of maintenance, insurance and repairs. Only title deeds remain

with the lessor. Financial lease is also known as 'capital lease'. In India, financial
leases are very popular with high-cost and high technology equipment.
OPERATIIONAL LEASE
An operating lease stands in contrast to the financial lease in almost all aspects. This
lease agreement gives to the lessee only a limited right to use the asset. The lessor is
responsible for the upkeep and maintenance of the asset. The lessee is not given any
uplift to purchase the asset at the end of the lease period. Normally the lease is for a
short period and even otherwise is revocable at a short notice. Mines, Computer
hardware, trucks and automobiles are found suitable for operating lease because the
rate of obsolescence is very high in this kind of assets.
SALE AND LEASE BACK
It is a sub-part of finance lease. Under this, the owner of an asset sells the asset to a
party (the buyer), who in turn leases back the same asset to the owner in consideration
of lease rentals. However, under this arrangement, the assets are not physically
exchanged but it all happens in records only. This is nothing but a paper transaction.
Sale and lease back transaction is suitable for those assets, which are not subjected
depreciation but appreciation, say land. The advantage of this method is that the lessee can satisfy himself completely regarding the quality of the asset and after possession of the asset convert the sale into a lease arrangement.
Added 5/5/2011 1:51:23 AM
4. What are the various types of leases? What is the difference in hire purchase and consumer credit
Question
Not Answered
Updated 5/5/2011 1:51:46 AM
1 Answer/Comment
TYPES OF LEASE AGREEMENTS
Lease agreements are basically of two types. They are (a) Financial lease and
(b)Operating lease.
(c) Sale and lease back
(d) Leveraged leasing and
(e) Direct leasing.
15.5.1 FINANCIAL LEASE
Long-term, non-cancellable lease contracts are known as financial leases. The essential point of financial lease agreement is that it contains a condition whereby the
lessor agrees to transfer the title for the asset at the end of the lease period at a
nominal cost. At lease it must give an option to the lessee to purchase the asset he has
used at the expiry of the lease. Under this lease the lessor recovers 90% of the fair
value of the asset as lease rentals and the lease period is 75% of the economic life of
the asset. The lease agreement is irrevocable. Practically all the risks incidental to the
asset ownership and all the benefits arising there from are transferred to the lessee
who bears the cost of maintenance, insurance and repairs. Only title deeds remain

with the lessor. Financial lease is also known as 'capital lease'. In India, financial
leases are very popular with high-cost and high technology equipment.
OPERATIIONAL LEASE
An operating lease stands in contrast to the financial lease in almost all aspects. This
lease agreement gives to the lessee only a limited right to use the asset. The lessor is
responsible for the upkeep and maintenance of the asset. The lessee is not given any
uplift to purchase the asset at the end of the lease period. Normally the lease is for a
short period and even otherwise is revocable at a short notice. Mines, Computer
hardware, trucks and automobiles are found suitable for operating lease because the
rate of obsolescence is very high in this kind of assets.
SALE AND LEASE BACK
It is a sub-part of finance lease. Under this, the owner of an asset sells the asset to a
party (the buyer), who in turn leases back the same asset to the owner in consideration
of lease rentals. However, under this arrangement, the assets are not physically
exchanged but it all happens in records only. This is nothing but a paper transaction.
Sale and lease back transaction is suitable for those assets, which are not subjected
depreciation but appreciation, say land. The advantage of this method is that the lessee can satisfy himself completely regarding the quality of the asset and after possession of the asset convert the sale into a lease arrangement.
Added 5/5/2011 1:51:46 AM
4. What are the various types of leases? What is the difference in hire purchase and consumer credit
Weegy: The type of lease you select should match your equipment needs, business goals and cash flow requirements. For example, some lessees need one piece of equipment that requires a single contract. [ [ Other companies may continually acquire equipment and exercise a master lease that allows them to acquire many items within a single lease and avoids executing a new contract with every acquisition. The most common types of leases are operating leases and finance leases. * Operating Lease. An operating lease is particularly attractive to companies that continually update or replace equipment. They want to use equipment without ownership, but also want to return equipment at lease-end and avoid technological obsolescence. An operating lease usually results in the lowest payment of any financing alternative and is an excellent strategy for bypassing capital budgeting restraints. It is typically qualifies for off-balance sheet treatment and can result in improved Return On Asset (ROA) due to a lower asset base. It can also result in higher reported earnings in the early years of the lease. * Finance Lease. A finance lease is a full-payout, non-cancelable agreement, in which the lessee is responsible for maintenance, taxes and insurance. Finance leases are most attractive in cases where the lessee wants the tax benefits of ownership or expects the equipment's residual value to be high. These leases are structured as equipment financing agreements with residuals up to 10 percent. The lessee purchases the equipment upon lease termination at a pre-agreed amount. The term of a finance lease tends to be longer, nearly covering the useful life of the equipment. ] ] User: Case Study ABC Industries - Lease Vs. Buy ABC Company can purchase a $50,000 piece of equipment by putting 25 percent down payment and paying off the balance at 10 percent interest with four annual installments of $11,830. ... (More)
Question
Expert Answered
Asked 5/5/2011 1:22:19 AM
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1. Which of the following must be satisfied to support a classification as a finance lease? 1. Ownership is transferred by the end of the lease term. 2. The lease contains a bargain purchase option. 3. The lease term is for the major part of an asset's useful life. 4. The present value of the minimum lease payments are substantially more or equal to the asset's fair value. a) 1 and 2 b) 1, 2 and 3 c) Any of the four criteria d) All of the four criteria
Weegy: 1, [ 2 and 3 1 and 2 Any of the four criteria All of the four criteria Chad Ltd negotiated a lease on the following terms: the term of the lease was 5 years; the estimated useful life of the leased equipment was 10 years; the purchase price was €60,000; and the annual lease payment was €5,000. This lease should be classified as: An operating lease A finance lease Smart Ltd negotiated a lease for equipment on the following terms: the lease had a 3 year term; the purchase price of the new equipment was €41,250; there were to be 3 annual payments of €15,000 payable in advance; and Smart Ltd was able to borrow at 10% per annum. The finance charge in the first year using the sum of the digits method would be: €2,500 €4,125 €15,000 None of the above Smart Ltd negotiated a lease on the following terms: the lease had a 3 year term; the purchase price of the new equipment was €41,250; there were 3 annual payments of €15,000 payable in advance; and Smart Ltd was able to borrow at 10% per annum. The balance sheet liability figure at the end of the first year would be: €28,750 €30,000 €27,500 None of the above Smart Ltd negotiated a lease on the following terms: the lease had a 3 year term; the purchase price of the new equipment was €41,250; there were 3 annual payments of €15,000 payable in advance; and Smart Ltd was able to borrow at 10% per annum. The balance sheet liability figure at the end of the second year would be: €13,750 €12,250 €15,000 None of the above Smart Ltd negotiated a lease on the following terms: the lease had a 3 year term; the purchase price of the new equipment was €41,250; there were 3 annual payments of €15,000 payable in advance; and Smart Ltd was able to borrow at 10% per annum. ] User: 1, [ 2 and 3 1 and 2 Any of the four criteria ... (More)
Question
Expert Answered
Asked 5/5/2011 1:48:23 AM
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