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Q: Four characteristics of hunter-gatherer societies are _____?
A: A general term used to refer to societies whose mode of subsistence is gained from hunting animals, fishing, and gathering edible plants. [ Most commonly associated with the Palaeolithic and Mesolithic periods and a simple band level of social organization, it is a way of life that should not be pigeonholed as a stage in social development and must certainly not be seen as in any sense
?primitive?. As American anthropologist Marshal Sahlins pointed out, many hunter-gatherer societies represent the original affluent society because only a small proportion of their time was spent obtaining food and the basic needs of life. At one time all of the inhabited world was occupied by hunter-gatherer groups, something which no subsequent economic mode has achieved. In that sense agricultural and industrial societies have, at various times, established themselves on the edge of the hunter-gatherers' world. Common characteristics A San man from Namibia. Fewer than 10,000 San live in the traditional way, as hunter-gatherers. Since the mid-1990s the central government of Botswana has been trying to move San out of their lands.[4] Habitat and population This section does not cite any references or sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unverifiable material may be challenged and removed. (November 2008) Hunter-gatherer societies tend to be relatively mobile or "nomadic", given their reliance upon the ability of a given natural environment to provide sufficient resources in order to sustain their population and the variable availability of these resources owing to local climatic and seasonal conditions. Their population densities tend to be lower than those of agriculturalists, since cultivated land is capable of sustaining population densities 60?100 times greater than land left uncultivated. Individual bands tend to be small in number (10-30 individuals), but these may gather together seasonally to temporarily form a larger group (100 or more) when resources are abundant. ]
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Asked 5/4/2012 2:05:41 PM
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