Review pp. 404-408. Explain two definitions of abnormal behavior. Compare the differences between the psychoanalytic, behavioral ,humanistic, and cognitive perspectives on abnormality.
According to our text, two of the definitions of abnormal behavior are abnormality as a sense of personal discomfort and abnormality as the inability to function effectively. [ Abnormality as a sense of personal discomfort means behavior that causes anxiety or distress in the individual or causes harm to another. We all experience moments of this type of behavior, like saying harsh words and
hurting someone's feelings. The difference is that abnormal behavior is continual and prohibits one from functioning in their daily lives. Abnormality as the inability to function effectively means someone who cannot adjust to society and is unable to function. For instance, one who does not understand the rules of society may think it is normal to never leave his or her home and have no contact with other people. The psychoanalytic perspective of abnormal behavior means that the behavior one exhibits is caused by conflict regarding sex and aggression during his or her childhood. Abnormal behavior is seen as a symptom to a deeper problem. The behavioral perspective of abnormal behavior means that the behavior itself is the problem. It is a learned response. The cognitive perspective of abnormal behavior means that it is the thoughts and beliefs of a person that causes the behavior.
There are no new answers.