Question and answer
compare and contrast inductive and deductive reasoning. provide an example of each to illustrate the similarities and differences of inductive and deductive reasoning.
Answer: Inductive and deductive reasoning are both approaches that can be used to evaluate inferences. Deductive reasoning involves starting out with a theory or general statement, then moving towards a specific conclusion. [ Inductive reasoning, on the other hand, takes a series of specific observations and tries to expand them into a more general theory. Each approach is very different, and
it is important to be aware that both inductive and deductive reasoning can end up with false results, especially if the initial premise of the reasoning is false, in which case the results are said to be “unsound.” Inductive Reasoning A simplistic example of inductive reasoning might start with an observation such as “All of the cows I have ever seen are spotted.” One might, in turn, think that therefore all cows must be spotted. This is not actually the case, but given the available information, one might be forgiven for thinking it. The next step in this logic might involve attempting to find things which disprove the assertion that all cows are spotted, as might be done by asking other people if they have seen cows which are not spotted. Inductive reasoning is commonly seen in the sciences when people want to make sense of a series of observation. Isaac Newton, for example, famously used inductive reasoning to develop a theory of gravity. Using observations, people can develop a theory to explain those observations, and seek out disproof of that theory. As can be seen in the cow example above, one of the major flaws with inductive reasoning is that it is dependent on observations, and when observations are incomplete, unsound results may be formulated. In a famous example of inductive reasoning, some people in the ancient world believed that meat spontaneously gave rise to maggots. Their conclusion was based on the observation that if meat was left out, maggots would appear on it. ]
Question
Asked 7/8/2013 7:41:14 PM
0 Answers/Comments
Get an answer
New answers
Rating

There are no new answers.

Comments

There are no comments.

Add an answer or comment
Log in or sign up first.
Questions asked by the same visitor
provide example in which you can use deductive reasoning to draw a conclusion. state the axioms or premises used to reach the conclusion
Weegy: Deductive reasoning is one of the two basic forms of valid reasoning, the other one being inductive reasoning. [ The main difference between these two types of reasoning is that, inductive reasoning argues from a specific to a general base, whereas deductive reasoning goes from a general to a specific instance. Also, deductive reasoning, unlike inductive reasoning, is something that is based on a premise and then follows accordingly. Inductive and deductive arguments differ with regard to the standards of evaluation that are applicable to them. Thus, deductive reasoning is the method by which, conclusions are drawn on the basis of proofs, and not merely by assuming or thinking about a predetermined clause. The basic principle on which deductive reasoning is based, is a well-known mathematical formula; If, 1 = 2 (premise) and 2 = 3 (premise) then, 1 = 3 (conclusion) Read more at Buzzle: ] (More)
Question
Expert Answered
Asked 7/8/2013 6:43:53 PM
0 Answers/Comments
17,967,959 questions answered
Popular Conversations
How is the infinitive phrase used in the sentence? Morning is the ...
Weegy: To go to college is my greatest ambition. The infinitive phrase "to go to college" is used as noun as subject. ...
10/24/2014 11:04:05 AM| 5 Answers
Brandon's huge collection of paper cranes come from his origami ...
Weegy: The correct sentence is: Brandon's huge collection of paper cranes comes from his origami hobby. User: ...
10/24/2014 7:48:30 AM| 3 Answers
Solve for x. -5x + 12x - 8x = -24
Weegy: Add -5, 12, and -8 to get -1. So -1x=-24. Thus x=24 User: Choose the answer based on the most efficient ...
10/23/2014 12:33:39 AM| 2 Answers
Who was the poet who wrote The Faerie Queene? A. Francis ...
Weegy: Edmund Spenser was the poet who wrote The Faerie Queene.
10/23/2014 1:19:01 AM| 2 Answers
Emily Dickinson's poem "Success" is ironic because the idea of losers ...
Weegy: True User: Poems compact meaning and make unexpected associations. True False
10/23/2014 6:26:33 AM| 2 Answers
What percent of 115 is 29.9
Weegy: What percent of 115 is 29.9? is 26% User: What percent of 22 is 44 Weegy: The 44% of 175 is: Convert 44% in ...
10/23/2014 7:20:21 AM| 2 Answers
What is the solution set of (x - 2)(x - 3) = 2?
Weegy: 2(x - 2) > 3(x - 2); 2x - 4 > 3x - 6; 2x - 3x > -6 + 4; -x > -2; x User: What is the solution set of (3x - ...
10/23/2014 7:32:32 AM| 2 Answers
Which of the following expressions is equal to 5 - 2m? 7 - 2(m + ...
Weegy: 5 - 2m is equal to 7 - 2(m + 1) User: Simplify 6(x + 2) + 7. User: Simplify 3x + 3 + 2. User: How ...
10/23/2014 7:54:53 AM| 2 Answers
Multiply the following fractions. Reduce your answer to lowest terms. ...
Weegy: 12/35 User: multiply and reduce 1 7/10 x 3/4 Weegy: 5/12
10/23/2014 8:49:48 AM| 2 Answers
Weegy Stuff
S
L
1
1
1
1
L
1
L
Points 2599 [Total 14974]| Ratings 0| Comments 2599| Invitations 0|Offline
S
L
1
L
P
C
1
P
C
1
L
Points 1628 [Total 11109]| Ratings 4| Comments 1588| Invitations 0|Offline
S
1
L
1
L
P
P
L
Points 896 [Total 13125]| Ratings 0| Comments 896| Invitations 0|Online
S
L
Points 605 [Total 2004]| Ratings 0| Comments 605| Invitations 0|Offline
S
1
L
L
Points 505 [Total 6299]| Ratings 3| Comments 475| Invitations 0|Offline
S
Points 482 [Total 482]| Ratings 0| Comments 452| Invitations 3|Offline
S
Points 454 [Total 455]| Ratings 6| Comments 394| Invitations 0|Offline
S
Points 277 [Total 277]| Ratings 1| Comments 267| Invitations 0|Offline
S
P
C
L
P
L
1
Points 48 [Total 6282]| Ratings 0| Comments 48| Invitations 0|Offline
S
L
Points 34 [Total 3572]| Ratings 2| Comments 14| Invitations 0|Offline
Home | Contact | Blog | About | Terms | Privacy | Social | ©2014 Purple Inc.