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Q: Present the three definitions that Euthyphro uses in his response to Socrates, and then present Socrates s refutation of each of Euthyphro s definitions
A: Present the three definitions that Euthyphro uses in his response to Socrates, and then present Socrates s refutation of each of Euthyphro s definitions Euthyphro (/ ju fro /; Ancient Greek: , [ "Euthuphron": right-minded or sincere)[1] is one of Plato's early dialogues, dated to after 399 BC. Taking place during the weeks leading up to Socrates' trial, the dialogue features Socrates
and Euthyphro, a religious expert also mentioned at Cratylus 396a and 396d, attempting to define piety or holiness. First definition[edit source | editbeta] Euthyphro offers as his first definition of piety what he is doing now, that is, prosecuting his father for manslaughter (5d). Socrates rejects this because it is not a definition; it is only an example or instance of piety. It does not provide the fundamental characteristic which makes pious things pious. Second definition[edit source | editbeta] Euthyphro's second definition: piety is what is pleasing to the gods (6e-7a). Socrates applauds this definition because it is expressed in a general form, but criticizes it on the grounds that the gods disagree among themselves as to what is 'pleasing'. This would mean that a particular action, disputed by the gods, would be both pious and impious at the same time — a logically impossible situation. Euthyphro tries to argue against Socrates' criticism by pointing out that not even the gods would disagree amongst themselves that someone who kills without justification should be punished but Socrates argues that disputes would still arise — over just how much justification there actually was, and hence the same action could still be both pious and impious. So yet again, Euthyphro's 'definition' cannot possibly be a definition. Third definition[edit source | editbeta] Euthyphro attempts to overcome Socrates' objection by slightly amending his second definition (9e). Thus the third definition reads: What all the gods love is pious, and what they all hate is impious. ]
Expert answered|petitemonde|Points 280|
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Asked 8/11/2013 10:02:54 PM
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