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Q: How did different presidential administrations, from Truman to Nixon handle Cold War affairs?
A: The Cold War, often dated from 1947 to 1991, was a sustained state of political and military tension between powers in the Western Bloc, dominated by the United States with NATO among its allies, and powers in the Eastern Bloc, [ dominated by the Soviet Union along with the Warsaw Pact. This began after the success of their temporary wartime alliance against Nazi Germany, leaving the USSR and
the US as two superpowers with profound economic and political differences In June 1947, in accordance with the Truman Doctrine, the United States enacted the Marshall Plan, a pledge of economic assistance for all European countries willing to participate, including the Soviet Union.[69] The plan's aim was to rebuild the democratic and economic systems of Europe and to counter perceived threats to Europe's balance of power, such as communist parties seizing control through revolutions or elections.[70] The plan also stated that European prosperity was contingent upon German economic recovery.In January 1961, just prior to leaving office, Eisenhower formally severed relations with the Cuban government. In April 1961, the administration of newly elected American President John F. Kennedy mounted an unsuccessful CIA-organized ship-borne invasion of the island at Playa Gir?n and Playa Larga in Las Villas Province?a failure that publicly humiliated the United States.[163] Castro responded by embracing Marxism-Leninism, and the Soviet Union pledged to provide further support ]
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User: How did different presidential administrations, from Truman to Nixon handle Cold War affairs?

Weegy: The Cold War, often dated from 1947 to 1991, was a sustained state of political and military tension between powers in the Western Bloc, dominated by the United States with NATO among its allies, and powers in the Eastern Bloc, [ dominated by the Soviet Union along with the Warsaw Pact. This began after the success of their temporary wartime alliance against Nazi Germany, leaving the USSR and the US as two superpowers with profound economic and political differences In June 1947, in accordance with the Truman Doctrine, the United States enacted the Marshall Plan, a pledge of economic assistance for all European countries willing to participate, including the Soviet Union.[69] The plan's aim was to rebuild the democratic and economic systems of Europe and to counter perceived threats to Europe's balance of power, such as communist parties seizing control through revolutions or elections.[70] The plan also stated that European prosperity was contingent upon German economic recovery.In January 1961, just prior to leaving office, Eisenhower formally severed relations with the Cuban government. In April 1961, the administration of newly elected American President John F. Kennedy mounted an unsuccessful CIA-organized ship-borne invasion of the island at Playa Gir?n and Playa Larga in Las Villas Province?a failure that publicly humiliated the United States.[163] Castro responded by embracing Marxism-Leninism, and the Soviet Union pledged to provide further support ]
selymi|Points 10586|

User: How did these approaches affect foreign policy?

Weegy: Since the start of the cold war, the epic battle against communism has had a tremendous impact on U.S. foreign policy. [ The resulting arms race and nuclear proliferation had made a direct confrontation between the United States and the FSU (former Soviet Union) or Russian Republics a catastrophe. However, the enmity between the East and West was vented in another way that became a hallmark of the Cold War: vicarious combat. A fixture of cold war politics was the situation in which the superpowers would square off using third-world proxies, rather than direct confrontation. An excellent example is the (first) Afghanistan war, in which the Soviets fought fiercely against the Afghanis, who were supplied and trained by the United States. Another example is the Cuban Missile Crisis, when Khrushchev used Cuba to harass the United States by deploying Russian ballistic missiles to the island nation. The U.S. support for the Contrarevolucionistas (Contras) was also staged to square off in a chess match against the Soviets, using third-world pawns. The recurring theme throughout the classical Cold War period was one of suspicion and divisiveness on the part of both superpowers; the ultimate end of this maneuvering was to draw more nations into their own respective orbits. This chess game resulted in many persistent features of our modern world, which continue to affect U.S. foreign policy today, and cause persistent diplomatic headaches. Examples include the creation of NATO (the North Atlantic Treaty Organization) as a collective security organization united against the Russian bloc, Warsaw Pact nations, as well as the spread of global communism. Despite Russia and China's evolution beyond the pure Communist ideology of their past, today Cuba's Fidel Castro and Bolivia's Hugo Chavez offer perpetual challenges to be managed. Further, many modern foreign policy snarls can be traced back to their roots during the cold war, when the United States was more concerned about keeping smaller nations out of Moscow's orbit than of nurturing lasting, moral, functioning governments. ]
Expert answered|esilver|Points 0|

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Asked 5/29/2013 11:35:32 PM
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