Question and answer
What is terrorism; what has it been, and what will it be like in the twenty first century? Briefly discuss the chronology of terrorism.
1795. "Government intimidation during the Reign of Terror in France." The general sense of "systematic use of terror as a policy" was first recorded in English in 1798.[5] 1916. Gustave LeBon: “Terrorization has always been employed by revolutionaries no less than by kings, as a means of impressing their enemies, and as an example to those who were doubtful about submitting to them...." [6]
Question
Asked 7/21/2012 6:58:05 PM
Updated 7/21/2012 7:16:11 PM
1 Answer/Comment
Get an answer
New answers
Rating
0


1795. "Government intimidation during the Reign of Terror in France." The general sense of "systematic use of terror as a policy" was first recorded in English in 1798.[5]
1916. Gustave LeBon: “Terrorization has always been employed by revolutionaries no less than by kings, as a means of impressing their enemies, and as an example to those who were doubtful about submitting to them...." [6]
1937. League of Nations convention language: "All criminal acts directed against a State and intended or calculated to create a state of terror in the minds of particular persons or a group of persons or the general public."[7]
1987. A definition proposed by Iran at an international Islamic conference on terrorism: “Terrorism is an act carried out to achieve an inhuman and corrupt (mufsid) objective, and involving [a] threat to security of any kind, and violation of rights acknowledged by religion and mankind.” [8]
1988. A proposed academic consensus definition: "Terrorism is an anxiety-inspiring method of repeated violent action, employed by (semi-) clandestine individual, group or state actors, for idiosyncratic, criminal or political reasons, whereby - in contrast to assassination - the direct targets of violence are not the main targets. The immediate human victims of violence are generally chosen randomly (targets of opportunity) or selectively (representative or symbolic targets) from a target population, and serve as message generators."[9]
1989. United States: premeditated, politically motivated violence perpetrated against noncombatant targets by sub-national groups or clandestine agents.[10]
1992. A definition proposed by Alex P. Schmid to the United Nations Crime Branch: "Act of Terrorism = Peacetime Equivalent of War Crime."[11]
2002. European Union: ". . . given their nature or context, [acts which] may seriously damage a country or an international organisation where committed with the aim of seriously intimidating a population."[12]
2003. India: Referencing Schmid's 1992 proposal, the Supreme Court of India described terrorist acts as the "peacetime equivalents of war crimes."[13]
2008. Carsten Bockstette, a German military officer serving at the George C. Marshall Center for European Security Studies, proposed the following definition: “political violence in an asymmetrical conflict that is designed to induce terror and psychic fear (sometimes indiscriminate) through the violent victimization and destruction of noncombatant targets (sometimes iconic symbols)."[14]
Added 7/21/2012 7:16:16 PM
Comments

There are no comments.

Add an answer or comment
Log in or sign up first.
Questions asked by the same visitor
What are the similarities in terms of police reactions
Weegy: Police reacts if something bad, suspicious or illegal activities that happen in their jurisdiction. (More)
Question
Expert Answered
Asked 7/21/2012 5:46:19 PM
0 Answers/Comments
What is terrorism; what has it been, and what will it be like in the twenty first century? Briefly discuss the chronology of terrorism.
Weegy: Terrorism is not new, and even though it has been used since the beginning of recorded history it can be relatively hard to define. [ [ Terrorism has been described variously as both a tactic and strategy; a crime and a holy duty; a justified reaction to oppression and an inexcusable abomination. Obviously, a lot depends on whose point of view is being represented. Terrorism has often been an effective tactic for the weaker side in a conflict. As an asymmetric form of conflict, it confers coercive power with many of the advantages of military force at a fraction of the cost. Due to the secretive nature and small size of terrorist organizations, they often offer opponents no clear organization to defend against or to deter. That is why preemption is being considered to be so important. In some cases, terrorism has been a means to carry on a conflict without the adversary realizing the nature of the threat, mistaking terrorism for criminal activity. Because of these characteristics, terrorism has become increasingly common among those pursuing extreme goals throughout the world. But despite its popularity, terrorism can be a nebulous concept. Even within the U.S. Government, agencies responsible for different functions in the ongoing fight against terrorism use different definitions. ] ] (More)
Question
Expert Answered
Asked 7/21/2012 7:34:56 PM
0 Answers/Comments
19,803,199 questions answered
Popular Conversations
What is the slope of the line that passes through (-2, 7) and (4, ...
Weegy: 3-3 = 0 User: Which of the following represents 3x - 5y + 10 = 0 written in slope-intercept form? y = -x + ...
3/5/2015 8:45:04 AM| 3 Answers
What is the equation of the line whose y-intercept is 3 and slope is ...
Weegy: The equation of the line whose y-intercept is 3 and slope is 1 is: y = x + 3. Formula: y = mx + c; c = 3 and m ...
3/5/2015 8:34:48 AM| 2 Answers
The graph of y = ax2 + bx + c is a parabola that opens up and has a ...
Weegy: ax2 + bx = -5 User: Which of the following equations is of a parabola with a vertex at (1, -2)? y = (x - 1)2 ...
3/5/2015 9:00:50 AM| 2 Answers
Which of the following equations is of a parabola with a vertex at ...
Weegy: x^2 - 2x - 35 = 0 x^2 - 2x + 1 - 36 = 0 (x - 1)^2 - 36 = 0 which is the vertex form of equation.
3/5/2015 9:29:12 AM| 2 Answers
Use completing the square to solve the equation x2 - 10x = ...
Weegy: C) y = (x - 5)^2 - 4
3/5/2015 1:08:31 PM| 2 Answers
The volumes of two cylindrical cans of the same shape vary directly ...
Weegy: Solution:using 8 pints/gallon and S an unknown constant vol varies as r^3 So vol = S * r^3; S*6^3 = ...
3/5/2015 3:26:51 PM| 2 Answers
The normal balance of an account is the
Weegy: The normal balance of an account is the debit balance. User: Which of the following accounts have normal debit ...
3/5/2015 4:21:31 PM| 2 Answers
Revenues and expenses are found on the a statement of owners equality ...
Weegy: Revenues and expenses are found on the B. Balance sheet
3/5/2015 4:42:18 PM| 2 Answers
Weegy Stuff
S
L
P
L
P
P
P
Points 339 [Total 8225]| Ratings 0| Comments 339| Invitations 0|Offline
S
P
C
L
P
L
1
P
Points 144 [Total 7451]| Ratings 1| Comments 134| Invitations 0|Offline
S
1
L
Points 112 [Total 1023]| Ratings 1| Comments 102| Invitations 0|Offline
S
1
L
L
Points 83 [Total 7584]| Ratings 0| Comments 83| Invitations 0|Offline
S
Points 72 [Total 577]| Ratings 4| Comments 32| Invitations 0|Offline
S
Points 47 [Total 415]| Ratings 0| Comments 47| Invitations 0|Online
S
Points 17 [Total 108]| Ratings 0| Comments 17| Invitations 0|Offline
S
Points 13 [Total 13]| Ratings 0| Comments 13| Invitations 0|Offline
S
Points 11 [Total 127]| Ratings 1| Comments 1| Invitations 0|Offline
S
Points 10 [Total 10]| Ratings 1| Comments 0| Invitations 0|Offline
Home | Contact | Blog | About | Terms | Privacy | Social | ©2014 Purple Inc.