Notice: Payments for answers will end 4/10/2017. Click for more info.
You have new items in your feed. Click to view.
Question and answer
Q: what U.S. Constitution amendments were implemented to protect the rights of businesses and organizations.
A: Right of Association ''It is beyond debate that freedom to engage in association for the advancement of beliefs and ideas is an inseparable aspect of the 'liberty' assured by the Due Process Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment, [ which embraces freedom of speech. . . . Of course, it is immaterial whether the beliefs sought to be advanced by association pertain to political, economic, religious or
cultural matters, and state action which may have the effect of curtailing the freedom to associate is subject to the closest scrutiny.'' 194 It would appear from the Court's opinions that the right of association is derivative from the First Amendment guarantees of speech, assembly, and petition, 195 although it has at times seemingly been referred to as a separate, independent freedom protected by the First Amendment. 196 The doctrine is a fairly recent construction, the problems associated with it having previously arisen primarily in the context of loyalty-security investigations of Communist Party membership, and these cases having been resolved without giving rise to any separate theory of association. 197 Freedom of association as a concept thus grew out of a series of cases in the 1950's and 1960's in which certain States were attempting to curb the activities of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. In the first case, the Court unanimously set aside a contempt citation imposed after the organization refused to comply with a court order to produce a list of its members within the State. ''Effective advocacy of both public and private points of view, particularly controversial ones, is undeniably enhanced by group association, as this Court has more than once recognized by remarking upon the close nexus between the freedoms of speech and assembly.'' 198 ''[T]hese indispensable liberties, whether of speech, press, or association,'' 199 may be abridged by governmental action either directly or indirectly, wrote Justice Harlan, and the State had failed to demonstrate a need for the lists which would outweigh the harm to associational rights which disclosure would produce. Applying the concept in subsequent cases, the Court again held in Bates v. ]
Expert answered|Polio123|Points 74|
Question
Asked 6/30/2012 1:53:43 PM
0 Answers/Comments
Get an answer
New answers
Rating

There are no new answers.

Comments

There are no comments.

Add an answer or comment
Log in or sign up first.
26,574,485 questions answered
Popular Conversations
6. Solve the equation. Show your work. Check your answer. 3x – 7 = 5x ...
Weegy: 3x – 7 = 5x + 19 , 3x - 5x = 19+7, -2x = 26, - x=26/2, x=-13
1/10/2018 8:46:51 AM| 3 Answers
9/11= /22
Weegy: Multiply the numerator of the first fraction by the denominator of the second fraction. Set this equal to the ...
1/10/2018 4:50:25 PM| 3 Answers
what does irrelevant mean
Weegy: An irrelevant cost is a cost that will not change as the result of a management decision. User: Find the ...
1/8/2018 8:16:56 AM| 2 Answers
Simplify this expression: 19 – (–8) – (–14) = ? A. 25 ...
Weegy: 19 ? (?8) ? (?14)
1/15/2018 10:29:20 PM| 2 Answers
Which of these lines contains a metaphor? A. You are like a ...
Weegy: The line that contains a metaphor is: User: Repeating consonant sounds, typically the last letter of a word, ...
1/8/2018 3:55:57 PM| 2 Answers
Cells are the basic of our bodies.
Weegy: Cells are the basic of our bodies. TRUE
1/10/2018 7:36:07 AM| 2 Answers
Weegy Stuff
S
L
R
Points 495 [Total 787] Ratings 1 Comments 485 Invitations 0 Online
S
L
Points 72 [Total 4523] Ratings 0 Comments 32 Invitations 4 Offline
S
P
L
P
Points 65 [Total 183] Ratings 0 Comments 65 Invitations 0 Offline
S
Points 17 [Total 17] Ratings 0 Comments 17 Invitations 0 Offline
S
Points 10 [Total 10] Ratings 0 Comments 0 Invitations 1 Offline
S
P
Points 5 [Total 44] Ratings 0 Comments 5 Invitations 0 Offline
S
Points 3 [Total 3] Ratings 0 Comments 3 Invitations 0 Offline
S
Points 2 [Total 2] Ratings 0 Comments 2 Invitations 0 Offline
S
Points 1 [Total 1] Ratings 0 Comments 1 Invitations 0 Offline
S
Points 1 [Total 1] Ratings 0 Comments 1 Invitations 0 Offline
* Excludes moderators and previous
winners (Include)
Home | Contact | Blog | About | Terms | Privacy | © Purple Inc.