Question and answer
what U.S. Constitution amendments were implemented to protect the rights of businesses and organizations.
Right of Association ''It is beyond debate that freedom to engage in association for the advancement of beliefs and ideas is an inseparable aspect of the 'liberty' assured by the Due Process Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment, [ which embraces freedom of speech. . . . Of course, it is immaterial whether the beliefs sought to be advanced by association pertain to political, economic, religious or
cultural matters, and state action which may have the effect of curtailing the freedom to associate is subject to the closest scrutiny.'' 194 It would appear from the Court's opinions that the right of association is derivative from the First Amendment guarantees of speech, assembly, and petition, 195 although it has at times seemingly been referred to as a separate, independent freedom protected by the First Amendment. 196 The doctrine is a fairly recent construction, the problems associated with it having previously arisen primarily in the context of loyalty-security investigations of Communist Party membership, and these cases having been resolved without giving rise to any separate theory of association. 197 Freedom of association as a concept thus grew out of a series of cases in the 1950's and 1960's in which certain States were attempting to curb the activities of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. In the first case, the Court unanimously set aside a contempt citation imposed after the organization refused to comply with a court order to produce a list of its members within the State. ''Effective advocacy of both public and private points of view, particularly controversial ones, is undeniably enhanced by group association, as this Court has more than once recognized by remarking upon the close nexus between the freedoms of speech and assembly.'' 198 ''[T]hese indispensable liberties, whether of speech, press, or association,'' 199 may be abridged by governmental action either directly or indirectly, wrote Justice Harlan, and the State had failed to demonstrate a need for the lists which would outweigh the harm to associational rights which disclosure would produce. Applying the concept in subsequent cases, the Court again held in Bates v. ]
Expert answered|Polio123|Points 74|
Question
Asked 6/30/2012 1:53:43 PM
0 Answers/Comments
Get an answer
New answers
Rating

There are no new answers.

Comments

There are no comments.

Add an answer or comment
Log in or sign up first.
18,071,029 questions answered
Popular Conversations
What is the middle term of the product of (5a - 7)(2a - 1)?
Weegy: (5a - 7)(2a - 1) = 10a^2 - 5a - 14a + 7; = 10a^2 - 19a + 9; The middle term is: -19a User: Factor 5x 2 - 7x ...
10/31/2014 1:07:39 PM| 4 Answers
Which answer correctly identifies the underlined words (reading)in ...
Weegy: Can you believe that I won the staring contest? The word staring is a PARTICIPIAL.
10/31/2014 3:29:41 PM| 4 Answers
What is the equation of the line that has a slope of –2 and a ...
Weegy: If the slope of a straight line is 0 and the y-intercept is 2, the equation of the line is y = -2 User: ...
10/31/2014 12:48:06 PM| 3 Answers
The goal of Hitler’s unsuccessful “Beer Hall Putsch” was ...
Weegy: The goal of Hitler s unsuccessful Beer Hall Putsch? was to b. march to Berlin and bring the Weimer Republic ...
10/31/2014 6:57:26 AM| 2 Answers
The Tiananmen Square Massacre was a response to a. Taiwan ...
Weegy: Deng Xiaoping was Mao's: Succesor - - User: Which of the following did not occur after the demonstrations ...
10/31/2014 10:40:27 AM| 2 Answers
Which of the following statements best describes a harijan? a. A ...
Weegy: Which of the following statements best describes a harijan? The answer is C. A member of the untouchable caste. ...
10/31/2014 10:52:10 AM| 2 Answers
Letters of the alphabet used to represent unknown quantities in ...
Weegy: Letters of the alphabet used to represent unknown quantities in equations are called variables. User: An ...
10/31/2014 11:12:47 AM| 2 Answers
Factor p^2 + 18p + 32.
Weegy: p^2 + 18p + 32, the factors are (p + 2)(p + 16) User: (-a + 3)(a + 4) Weegy: (-a + 3)(a + 4) = -a^2 -4a + ...
10/31/2014 11:40:43 AM| 2 Answers
Weegy Stuff
S
L
1
L
P
C
1
P
C
1
L
Points 26 [Total 11739]| Ratings 0| Comments 26| Invitations 0|Online
S
Points 19 [Total 788]| Ratings 0| Comments 19| Invitations 0|Online
S
Points 18 [Total 539]| Ratings 0| Comments 18| Invitations 0|Offline
S
L
Points 11 [Total 2298]| Ratings 0| Comments 11| Invitations 0|Offline
Points 0 [Total 0]| Ratings 0| Comments 0| Invitations 0|Offline
Points 0 [Total 0]| Ratings 0| Comments 0| Invitations 0|Offline
S
Points 0 [Total 0]| Ratings 0| Comments 0| Invitations 0|Offline
S
Points 0 [Total 0]| Ratings 0| Comments 0| Invitations 0|Offline
S
Points 0 [Total 0]| Ratings 0| Comments 0| Invitations 0|Offline
S
Points 0 [Total 0]| Ratings 0| Comments 0| Invitations 0|Offline
Home | Contact | Blog | About | Terms | Privacy | Social | ©2014 Purple Inc.