Question and answer
what U.S. Constitution amendments were implemented to protect the rights of businesses and organizations.
Right of Association ''It is beyond debate that freedom to engage in association for the advancement of beliefs and ideas is an inseparable aspect of the 'liberty' assured by the Due Process Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment, [ which embraces freedom of speech. . . . Of course, it is immaterial whether the beliefs sought to be advanced by association pertain to political, economic, religious or
cultural matters, and state action which may have the effect of curtailing the freedom to associate is subject to the closest scrutiny.'' 194 It would appear from the Court's opinions that the right of association is derivative from the First Amendment guarantees of speech, assembly, and petition, 195 although it has at times seemingly been referred to as a separate, independent freedom protected by the First Amendment. 196 The doctrine is a fairly recent construction, the problems associated with it having previously arisen primarily in the context of loyalty-security investigations of Communist Party membership, and these cases having been resolved without giving rise to any separate theory of association. 197 Freedom of association as a concept thus grew out of a series of cases in the 1950's and 1960's in which certain States were attempting to curb the activities of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. In the first case, the Court unanimously set aside a contempt citation imposed after the organization refused to comply with a court order to produce a list of its members within the State. ''Effective advocacy of both public and private points of view, particularly controversial ones, is undeniably enhanced by group association, as this Court has more than once recognized by remarking upon the close nexus between the freedoms of speech and assembly.'' 198 ''[T]hese indispensable liberties, whether of speech, press, or association,'' 199 may be abridged by governmental action either directly or indirectly, wrote Justice Harlan, and the State had failed to demonstrate a need for the lists which would outweigh the harm to associational rights which disclosure would produce. Applying the concept in subsequent cases, the Court again held in Bates v. ]
Expert answered|Polio123|Points 74|
Question
Asked 6/30/2012 1:53:43 PM
0 Answers/Comments
Get an answer
New answers
Rating

There are no new answers.

Comments

There are no comments.

Add an answer or comment
Log in or sign up first.
21,521,802 questions answered
Popular Conversations
A rational number is a whole number. always sometimes never
Weegy: The answer is B sometimes User: Evaluate |3x| - (2x)2 + x 3 for x = -2. User: 6-(-4)^2+(-8) Weegy: A circle ...
6/29/2015 10:08:54 AM| 4 Answers
North Shore Community College reimburses faculty members $.298 cents ...
Weegy: Professor Wales submitted her travel log for a total of 650.11 miles. Professor Wales can expect to receive ...
6/29/2015 10:59:18 PM| 4 Answers
What is another name for the "master ...
Weegy: The master gland of the endocrine system is the pituitary gland. User: What region of the brain is hearing ...
6/29/2015 5:40:22 AM| 3 Answers
the perimeter of a rectangle is twice the sum of its legnth and its ...
Weegy: The length is 16m and the width is 7m.
6/29/2015 7:23:17 AM| 3 Answers
_____ communicate with the body to ensure homeostasis. Feedback ...
Weegy: Plasma membrane communicate with the body to ensure homeostasis.
6/29/2015 11:31:34 AM| 3 Answers
Evaluate -5x 2 - 3x for x = -2. A. 14 B. -14 C. -26
Weegy: The answer is x^2 - 3x + 7/x + 2. User: |3 - 6 + 8| 5 11 12 Weegy: 11 - 8 ? (1/3 + 1/5) = 11 - 8 ? (5/15 + ...
6/29/2015 11:51:59 AM| 3 Answers
NAACP
Weegy: The NAACP seems to find racism all around them, but they can't recognize their own! the entire organization is a ...
6/30/2015 9:02:47 AM| 3 Answers
What is the meaning of the prefix “anti ...
Weegy: The meaning of the prefix anti" is: AGAINST. User: Most words in the English language have a root word from ...
6/29/2015 7:07:15 AM| 2 Answers
Which of the following points lies on the circle whose center is at ...
Weegy: The equation of a circle of radius r and centre the origin is x*x+y*y=r*r [GOOD].. User: Which of the ...
6/29/2015 7:21:01 AM| 2 Answers
Which of the following statements is always true? A. Acute triangles ...
Weegy: A scalene triangle is an acute triangle. The statement is sometimes true. User: In a triangle, the second ...
6/29/2015 7:34:23 AM| 2 Answers
Weegy Stuff
S
L
Points 821 [Total 1116]| Ratings 1| Comments 811| Invitations 0|Online
S
Points 820 [Total 820]| Ratings 2| Comments 800| Invitations 0|Offline
S
P
C
L
P
L
1
P
P
1
P
1
Points 506 [Total 9507]| Ratings 3| Comments 476| Invitations 0|Offline
S
Points 498 [Total 498]| Ratings 5| Comments 448| Invitations 0|Offline
S
L
P
Points 452 [Total 3497]| Ratings 2| Comments 432| Invitations 0|Offline
S
1
L
P
1
Points 391 [Total 1406]| Ratings 4| Comments 351| Invitations 0|Offline
S
1
L
L
Points 108 [Total 8375]| Ratings 0| Comments 108| Invitations 0|Offline
S
Points 49 [Total 300]| Ratings 0| Comments 49| Invitations 0|Offline
S
L
Points 48 [Total 1721]| Ratings 1| Comments 38| Invitations 0|Offline
S
1
L
1
Points 28 [Total 3512]| Ratings 1| Comments 18| Invitations 0|Offline
Home | Contact | Blog | About | Terms | Privacy | Social | ©2015 Purple Inc.