Question and answer
what U.S. Constitution amendments were implemented to protect the rights of businesses and organizations.
Right of Association ''It is beyond debate that freedom to engage in association for the advancement of beliefs and ideas is an inseparable aspect of the 'liberty' assured by the Due Process Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment, [ which embraces freedom of speech. . . . Of course, it is immaterial whether the beliefs sought to be advanced by association pertain to political, economic, religious or
cultural matters, and state action which may have the effect of curtailing the freedom to associate is subject to the closest scrutiny.'' 194 It would appear from the Court's opinions that the right of association is derivative from the First Amendment guarantees of speech, assembly, and petition, 195 although it has at times seemingly been referred to as a separate, independent freedom protected by the First Amendment. 196 The doctrine is a fairly recent construction, the problems associated with it having previously arisen primarily in the context of loyalty-security investigations of Communist Party membership, and these cases having been resolved without giving rise to any separate theory of association. 197 Freedom of association as a concept thus grew out of a series of cases in the 1950's and 1960's in which certain States were attempting to curb the activities of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. In the first case, the Court unanimously set aside a contempt citation imposed after the organization refused to comply with a court order to produce a list of its members within the State. ''Effective advocacy of both public and private points of view, particularly controversial ones, is undeniably enhanced by group association, as this Court has more than once recognized by remarking upon the close nexus between the freedoms of speech and assembly.'' 198 ''[T]hese indispensable liberties, whether of speech, press, or association,'' 199 may be abridged by governmental action either directly or indirectly, wrote Justice Harlan, and the State had failed to demonstrate a need for the lists which would outweigh the harm to associational rights which disclosure would produce. Applying the concept in subsequent cases, the Court again held in Bates v. ]
Expert answered|Polio123|Points 74|
Question
Asked 6/30/2012 1:53:43 PM
0 Answers/Comments
Ask a question
Not a good answer? Get an answer now. (Free)
New answers
Rating

There are no new answers.

Comments

There are no comments.

Add an answer or comment
Log in or sign up first.
16,923,847 questions answered
Popular Conversations
Poetry is only intended to be taken literally.
7/22/2014 12:28:55 PM| 7 Answers
Unified Command:
Weegy: UNIFIED COMMAND enables all agencies with responsibility to manage an incident together by establishing a common ...
7/23/2014 4:00:02 PM| 3 Answers
Ad Hominem
Weegy: A) ad hominem arguments
7/22/2014 10:50:04 PM| 2 Answers
Select the product of (9x + 1)(9x - 1)
Weegy: (9x + 2)(9x - 2) = 81x^2 - 4 User: Select the product of (8x + 7)(x2 - 6x + 4).
7/23/2014 12:55:34 PM| 2 Answers
Weegy Stuff
S
R
L
1
1
P
C
1
P
1
1
L
P
C
P
C
1
P
C
L
P
C
1
P
C
Points 1845 [Total 20845]| Ratings 1| Comments 1835| Invitations 0|Online
S
L
P
C
P
C
1
L
P
C
L
P
C
P
C
P
C
Points 1736 [Total 16865]| Ratings 0| Comments 1736| Invitations 0|Offline
S
L
P
C
L
P
C
P
C
L
P
C
P
C
Points 1465 [Total 14020]| Ratings 1| Comments 1455| Invitations 0|Offline
S
L
1
Points 1372 [Total 3555]| Ratings 2| Comments 1352| Invitations 0|Offline
S
L
1
1
1
1
L
1
Points 1076 [Total 7253]| Ratings 2| Comments 1056| Invitations 0|Offline
S
1
L
Points 878 [Total 3014]| Ratings 4| Comments 838| Invitations 0|Online
S
1
L
1
L
P
P
L
Points 829 [Total 10437]| Ratings 0| Comments 829| Invitations 0|Offline
S
1
L
Points 725 [Total 4401]| Ratings 2| Comments 705| Invitations 0|Offline
S
P
C
L
P
L
1
Points 700 [Total 5754]| Ratings 4| Comments 660| Invitations 0|Offline
S
Points 253 [Total 401]| Ratings 2| Comments 233| Invitations 0|Offline
Home | Contact | Archive | Blog | About | Terms | Privacy | Social | ©2014 Purple Inc.